If you live in Alabama, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, or Virginia, you can call 1-800-229-7141. This is the number of the Long Term Care Insurance Division of National HealthCare Corporation in Murfreesboro, TN.
For individuals living in other states, contact several insurance companies in your area and compare quotes using the following information as a guide.
Your Financial Health Is Important, Too!
Many Americans work hard to maintain good health, and those efforts are really paying off. As a nation, we are living longer and enjoying a higher quality of life in the prime years. But to enjoy that special time to its fullest, you need to carefully protect your financial health as well.
You insure your home, your health, your car and even your life. And you carefully plan your savings and investments for retirement. But all of those plans could be for nothing if you or your spouse should need long term health care, one of the largest expenses older Americans face.
The fact is, the longer you live, the greater the chance you will need some form of long term care, such as extended care in a nursing home or through a home health agency. When you look at the facts, it is easy to see that financing long term care is a serious problem facing the nation. As our population grows proportionately older, the problem will only worsen.
Two of every five Americans over the age 65 will need nursing home care. There are already some 1.8 million nursing home patients.1
Another 9 million people receive long term care at home or in other centers such as adult day care or assisted living centers. 2
About a quarter of the American work force now has elder care responsibilities, and that will increase to 40 percent in five years.3
Many young adults also need long term care due to conditions such as car accident injuries, brain tumors, multiple sclerosis and strokes.4
The average annual cost for long term care today in a nursing home or through an 8-hour shift of home care is $74,208.5
Costs are projected to nearly triple in the next 20 years.6
Financing of Long Term Care
There are three basic ways to pay for long term care in a nursing home: Medicare, Medicaid or private pay (out of pocket or by using long term care insurance). In 2009 the average cost for a year in a nursing home averaged $74,208(5). This can be financially devastating. Especially if a patient stays the average of 3 years or even longer. Some patients have spent more than $100,000 or even $500,000 on long term care expenses.
Medicare is the federal program that will pay for a nursing home care for those who are needing a skilled level of care after a 3 day hospital stay. Skilled care is best described by the type of care you need due to a hip fracture or stroke – therapy on a daily basis, or skilled nursing services daily.
Medicare is limited in the number of days it will pay for nursing home care – up to 100 days. Medicare pays 100% for the first 20 days (after the 3 day hospital stay and only if skilled care is needed), beginning on day 21-100 there is a daily co-payment required with Medicare. Most Seniors have a Medicare Supplement policy. Medicare supplements will pay in conjunction with Medicare. Once Medicare stops paying for care, most supplements will not continue to pay.
If you have exhausted Medicare payments the only other options are Medicaid and paying out of pocket (private pay). Medicaid is available for those individuals that are low income or have limited resources. Medicaid is the state/federal welfare program and has limitations as to the amount of assets you can own and the amount of income you may receive each month before you are eligible.
The federal government has instituted restrictions on the transferring of assets out of an estate to qualify for Medicaid. There is a look back period of 36 months or 60 months if a trust has been established. A law was passed in 1996 making it a crime to shift assets to become eligible for nursing home Medicaid coverage.
A drawback with Medicaid is limited choices of where to receive care. Not all nursing homes accept Medicaid patients and depending on the state in which you live, Medicaid may not pay for assisted living centers or home health care.
Besides paying out of your own pocket you can purchase long term care insurance. This insurance must be purchased prior to needing long term care. The eligibility for the insurance is based on your current health. If you currently need long term care, you will not be insurable.
Most financial planners recommend that LTC insurance be purchased in your late 50′s or early 60′s. In this range the cost is quite affordable and your health is probably still pretty good. The premiums are based on your age, health, and the type of plan that you purchase.
The primary reason people are purchasing long term care insurance is to maintain choice, and consequently, independence.(7)
If you are the type of person who enjoys being in control, a long term care insurance policy may be the only thing that makes it possible for you to stay in control by guaranteeing that you will have decision-making power when you need long term care, such as choices other than a nursing home — assisted living, home health care, adult day care, etc.
So, don’t pass the buck. Stay in control of your life by taking responsibility for your own long term care by purchasing a long term care policy — the private sector’s solution to the real health care crisis.
LTC Insurance Benefit Considerations
When purchasing LTC Insurance you must make three main decisions, and a few optional decisions. These decisions, along with your age and health determine your premium:
Daily Benefit – the amount of money you will receive from the insurance company on a daily basis for your care. You usually can select between $50 and $300 per day. Find out what the current cost of care is in your area and it will help you make the decision as to what daily benefit you want. (also see inflation protection below).
Benefit Period – the length of time you will receive payments from the insurance company once you need care. You usually can select a specific number of years (2,3,4,5,6) or lifetime plans are also available. The average length of stay in a nursing home is 2 1/2 to 3 years. Note: A three year plan will be less expensive than a lifetime plan.
Elimination Period (deductible) – the number of days that you will be responsible for paying for your care before the insurance begins to pay. This works like most insurance deductibles except it is stated in a number of days instead of dollars. Most plans have a variety of options like 0 days, 20 days, 60 days, or 100 days. Be sure to check if this deductible is once in a lifetime or if it can repeat.
Also, there are three optional decisions that can be added to your plan.:
Inflation Protection – this ties back to your daily benefit and allows it to grow on an annual basis to help keep your plan in step with inflation. It is built into your original premium and therefore will increase your annual premium. You may have choices of 5% simple or 5% compounded. You do not have to add this to your plan – but it is certainly recommended if you are under age 80.
Home Health Care Coverage – most policies will also give you the option of receiving insurance benefits in your own home. This options will allow you greater choice as to where your care can be paid for by the insurance. It may cover community care like Adult Day Care Centers as well as care in the home. This option will increase your premium.
Nonforfeiture – this option provides some form of paid-up benefit if the policy should lapse. This option increases your base premium.
We hope this will give you some direction when comparing LTC policies. Always look for a strong and reputable company and also make sure your agent is knowledgeable about long term care issues as well. Shop around and educate yourself and use your best judgment when selecting a plan. Remember, if a plan sounds too good to be true based on price – it may be. Premiums can be raised in the future if the company raises rates on an entire group of policyholders.
1. New England Journal of Medicine
2. U.S. Department of Commerce News
4. Families and Work Institute, New York, NY
5. Genworth Cost of Care Survey
6. National Alliance for Cargiving, Senior Market Advisor Study